Sarawak Malaysia Travel Guide
Highlights of Malaysia
Sarawak, located in East Malaysia on the island of Borneo, is Malaysia's largest state.
Sarawak has a rich history with a diverse culture and an abundance and natural beauty including lush rainforests, jungle, long rivers, waterfalls and white sandy beaches.
National Parks in Sarawak Malaysia
There are 15 National Parks in Sarawak with a wide variety of flora and fauna and world class attractions including the largest cave chamber in the world, white water rivers with impressive rapids and waterfalls and virgin rainforest. Some of the most unique animals and flowers can be found here. Animals include the endangered Borneo Orangutan, langurs, . The flowers and plant life include the largest flower in the world the Rafflesia.
Bako National Park is the oldest National Park in Sarawak. It takes around 2 hours to get to Bako National Park from Kuching, located north of the city.
Batang Ai National Park is home to the Borneo Orangutan. Batang Ai National Park is located 250km east of Kuching.
Gunung Mulu National Park has the largest cave in the world. Gunung Mulu National Park is located close to the border of Brunei.
Gunung Gading National Park is where you will find the largest flower in the world, the Rafflesia. Gunung Gading National Park is located on the coast.
Niah National Park has a number of archeological areas with human remains dating back to 35000BC found in the large cave network. The Niah National Park is located half way between Miri and Bintulu.
Lambir Hills National Park contains some of the oldest virgin rainforests in Sarawak. Lambir Hills National Park is located 32km south of Miri.
Similajau National Park has some impressive white water rivers. The Similajau is located in the coast, northeast of Bintulu. There are saltwater crocodiles living in the park.
Loagan Bunut National Park has the largest lake in Sarawak, Lake Loagan Bunut which feeds into the River Bunut (Sungai Bunut).
Maludam National Park is home to some of the last remaining Red Banded Langur in the wild. Maludam National Park is accessible from Miri.
Talang-Satang National Park is a group of islands reserved for conservation of the nesting turtles that use the beaches to lay their eggs.
Rajang Mangroves National Park is predominatly swampy mangroves which supports a huge population of animals and birds.
Gunung Buda National Park is the newest of the National Parks in Sarawak declared a National Park to protect it's ecosystem in 19
Kubah National Park is located around 20kms from Kuching and contains 3 mountains - Gunung Serapi (911m), Gunung Selang and Gunung Sendok. There are a number of impressive waterfalls throughout this National Park. There are regular buses leaving Kuching to get to this park. A taxi trip will take around 40 minutes from Kuching to Kubah National Park.
Bukit Tiban National Park is located 80km northeast of Bintulu.
Tanjung Datu National Park is the smallest National Park in Sarawak.
Last updated 8th August 2009
The main towns in Sarawak are Kuching (Capital city), Sibu, Bintulu and Miri.
Sarawak's history is a colourful one from being virgin rainforests with just the native tribes of hunter gatherers living within the rainforests. The Portuguese were the first westerns to visit this area in the 16th century.
It lands were taken under control by the Sultan of Brunei in the 19th century.
An Englishman James Brooks came to Sarawak in 1841 and through an arrangement with the Sultan of Brunei, Brooks became the Raja (King) of Sarawak in 1842. His son and then grandson (referred to as the White Rajahs) ruled the land for over 100 years. The White Rajahs did their best to protect the lifestyle of the indigenous Dayak people and setup the Sarawak Museum found in Kuching.
The Japanese invaded Sarawak in 1941 and took control of Kuching and Miri and controlled these areas until close to the end of World War II when Sarawak liberated by Australian troops. Sarawak then came under control of the British Empire until it was given independance and became part of the newly created country of Malaysia in 1963. A long conflict between 1962 and 1966 prevented Indonesia from taking control.
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